[2], The Boston Port Act was the first of the laws passed in 1774 in response to the Boston Tea Party. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at American Revolution - Intolerable Acts. Colonists outside Massachusetts feared that their governments could now also be changed by the legislative fiat of Parliament. The Massachusetts Government Act replaced the elected local government in the colony with an appointed one and enhanced the powers of the military governor. The port of Boston was closed, and, in the Massachusetts Government Act, Parliament for the first time actually altered a colonial charter, substituting an appointive council for the elective one established in 1691 and conferring…, …to the execution of the Intolerable (Coercive) Acts passed by the British Parliament in retaliation for the dumping of tea in Boston Harbor, and, as a member of the First Continental Congress, which spoke for the 13 colonies, he insisted that the delegates take a vigorous stand against Britain. Boston Port Act The Boston Port Act was the first Intolerable Act passed. When the Constitution was ratified in 1788 Congress fixed a day in 1789 when the First Congress under the Constitution was to assemble. After the Townshend Acts, some colonial essayists took this line of thinking even further, and began to question whether Parliament had any legitimate jurisdiction in the colonies at all. Many colonists argued that under the unwritten British Constitution, a British subject's property could not be taken from him (in the form of taxes) without his consent (in the form of representation in government). Four of the acts were issued in direct response to the Boston Tea Party of December 16, 1773. The guarantee of free practice of Catholicism, the majority religion in Canada, was seen by colonists as an "establishment" of the faith in the colonies which were overwhelmingly Protestant. Cartoon depicting Lord North, with the Boston Port Bill extending from a pocket, forcing tea (representing the Intolerable Acts) down the throat of a female (figure representing the American colonies). In addition, there was added a small tax. It closed the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the destroyed tea and the king was satisfied that order had been restored. [4] Many colonists believed the act was unnecessary because British soldiers had been given a fair trial following the Boston Massacre in 1770. A…. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at American Revolution - Intolerable Acts. Rather than exact punishment, North's legislation worked to pull the colonies together and pushed them down the road towards war. As tensions escalated, the American Revolutionary War broke out in April 1775, leading in July 1776 to the declaration of an independent United States of America. The Massachusetts Government Act provoked even more outrage than the Port Act because it unilaterally took away Massachusetts' charter and brought it under control of the British government. News of the Boston Tea Party reached England in January 1774. These laws had something to do with the British colonies in North America. Although protests led to the repeal of the Stamp and Townshend Acts, Parliament adhered to the position that it had the right to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever" in the Declaratory Act of 1766. The Thirteen Colonies would later become the United States. The death toll exceeded 900, making it one of the largest mass deaths in American history. The Quartering Act applied to all of the colonies, and sought to create a more effective method of housing British troops in America. This angered the colonists. Omissions? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Although unrelated to the other four Acts, it was passed in the same legislative session and seen by the colonists as one of the Intolerable Acts. The Coercive Acts, which were called the Intolerable Acts by the American colonists, were passed by Parliament in 1774 in response to colonial resistance to British rule. By establishing French civil law and the Roman Catholic religion in the coveted area, Britain acted liberally toward Quebec’s settlers but raised the spectre of popery before the mainly Protestant colonies to Canada’s south. They were given the name "Intolerable Acts" by American Patriots who felt they simply could not "tolerate" such unfair laws. The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws issued by King George III in response to the colonies’ Boston Tea Party.. In London the news that the colonists had again defied Parliament and had also destroyed British property was exasperating. Parliament responded by passing four laws. In Great Britain, when the British Parliament passed these acts, they didn’t name it with ‘Intolerable’ term, but they referred to it as ‘Coercive Acts of 1774’. The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws issued by King George III in response to the colonies’ Boston Tea Party.. Back to History for Kids Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Administration of Justice Act allowed the Royal governor to order trials of accused royal officials to take place in Great Britain or elsewhere within the Empire if he decided that the defendant could not get a fair trial in Massachusetts. Whatever may be the consequences, we must risk something; if we do not, all is over. The Intolerable Acts were passed in spring 1774, and helped cause the American Revolution (1775-1783). Three of the laws were intended to directly punish Massachusetts. Furthermore, colonists resented the lenient provisions granted to their erstwhile enemies who they had fought hard against during the French and Indian War. 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