Fescue grass (Festuca spp., hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 1 through 11) is a … Tall fescue lawns will thrive on a regular a fertilizing schedule. G. Miller, “Fall Seeding of Tall Fescue," North Carolina State TurfFiles, August 2010. Weed seed germination is also very high at those temperatures. Fertilizing: Do not fertilize tall fescue after March 15. Learn what makes turf-type tall fesuce a leading choice for high-quality, high-performance turf, and how you can have a thick, uniform, and low-maintenance lawn. seed per 1,000 … 5 to 10 days. Soil temperature, outdoor temperature, oxygen soil levels and water all affect how quickly the seeds germinate. In most of tall fescue's growing range, the landscape provides timing clues. 7 to 12 days. ST Augustine? 1. Cover the seeds lightly with soil when spread and lightly compact the soil to help ensure germination occurs. It germinates best when the soil temperatures are between 50 and 65 degrees. Farther north, favorable conditions may wait until April or even early May. With mild temperatures returning in fall, fescue has a chance to establish itself after its summer dormancy and before cold winter weather strikes. It is better for the air and soil temperatures to be warmer than cooler for the best germination rates. With early fall planting, seed gets a full fall growing season. 12. For decades, the tall fescue cultivar Kentuckey-31 was planted widely as a forage and erosion control plant, because it is widely adapted, easy to establish, and long lived While spring offers good conditions for planting tall fescue, it holds some challenges. Soil should be tilled to a depth of 4 to 6 inches and broken up to a … Because of differences in growth habit, palatability, and time of year best used, other grasses should not be included with tall fescue at seeding time. Seedland: When to Plant Fescue Grass Seed, Seedland: When to Plant Grass Seeds - The Best Time to Plant Grass, Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences: The Cool-Season Turfgrasses, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns, Optimal Germination Temperature for Fine Fescue. Fall is the best time to plant fescue and other cool season grass. Newly seeded turf-type tall fescue follows the same timing for optimal natural growth. Plant 1/8 inch (3 ml.) Tall Fescue fertilization should be done on a scheduled basis. Heavy water droplets from a sprinkler or hose often wash seeds away – a light watering once a day is an effective strategy to germinate fescue within two weeks. Tall fescue grass (Festuca arundinacea) is a cool-season grass that grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. Bermuda? In general, plant tall fescue at least 45 days before your region's typical first fall frost date. As a result, spring-planted tall fescue may struggle more than fall-planted seed. For Upper Midwest lawns, mid-August may bring ideal conditions. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. As with other cool-season grasses, the best time to plant tall fescue or perform other major lawn tasks is during its peak growth period in fall and spring. It does, however, need frequent deep watering in summer. Numerous varieties are adapted for use in Pennsylvania, but the endophyte-free and friendly-endohyte varieties are higher in quality than varieties infected with the endophyte fungus. Cover Crop: Annual fescue has proved to be a Cool season grass such as Fescue, germinate best when the soil temperatures are between 50° and 65° degrees F. These soil temperatures usually occur when the daytime air temperatures are between 60° and 75° degrees. … In general, mist the newly seeded area to keep it moist but not soggy. 2. Zoysia Grass . Fall planting offers other benefits, too. Before seeding your yard, till starter fertilizer and organic matter into the topsoil. G. Miller, “Spring Seeding Tall Fescue," North Carolina State TurfFiles, March 2008. Grass that adapts well to clay soil is a rarity. Writing professionally since 2010, Amy Rodriguez cultivates successful cacti, succulents, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home. Fall offers several advantages not available any other time of year. Tall fescue has been used extensively in the past, prior to the understanding of its endophytic fungus interactions and their implications. As in fall, time spring planting to coincide with soil temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer and consistent air temperatures between 68 to 77 F.2. With an electronics degree and more than 10 years of experience, she applies her love of gadgets to the gardening world as she continues her education through college classes and gardening activities. Follow these best practices for grass seeding for a more beautiful and resilient lawn. Buffalo? Rye? Spring planting gives tall fescue less time to get established before summer heat replaces favorable growing temperatures. By timing tall fescue seeding to coincide with these conditions in your growing region, you work with natural advantages instead of against them — whether you seed in fall or spring. Medium coarse bladed texture with high drought tolerance. If you are planting a new lawn, you will need about 4 pounds of seed per 1000 square feet (93 m). Then spring brings another period of cool-season growth before summer stress arrives. For best results and to make the most of your investment, select cultivars recommended on the Turffiles website. The Rebels is a trademark of Pennington Seed, Inc. 1. What climate? Cool nights, moderate days and warm soil are ideal ingredients for fast, thorough germination and sturdy establishment of tall fescue seed. In challenging southern conditions, choosing tall fescue varieties with superior heat and drought tolerance, such as those in The Rebels® Brand Southern Classic Blend, can improve your lawn's resilience to southern summers. Tall fescue: 7 to 12 days; Zoysia grass: 14 to 21 days; Read More. The new turf-type fescues should be planted at 6 to 8 lbs. But evaporation of water is fast at high temps. Many aggressive lawn weeds go dormant as temperatures fall, so new grass faces less weed competition. Keep your grass and soil healthy and positioned for vigorous grass growth, and maintain your new tall fescue at recommended mowing heights of 3 to 4 inches. Unlike spring, when soil often becomes overly wet, fall soil is more likely to maintain healthy moisture levels. High soil temps cause rapid germination--about 80 degrees is about right. Optimum air temperatures for tall fescue germination are 68 to 77°F and soil temperatures greater than 60°F. When To Plant Fescue Grass. Because there is less water at the soil surface, the fescue seedlings force their roots deep into the ground for moisture and the grass becomes rapidly established before dormancy occurs. For more information on mowing lawns refer to HGIC 1205, Mowing Lawns. Mowing: Mow lawn at a height of 3 inches. Insect pests become less active, so you have fewer fall problems on the pest front, too. ... You may have seen one of those time-lapse videos online or in a movie that shows a small seedling sprouting into a bigger plant. Tupersan can be used at the time of seeding to control crabgrass while non-selective materials such as glyphosate (Roundup) can be used to control bermudagrass prior to planting tall fescue. In general, fescue remains active between 50 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit but becomes dormant with extreme temperatures above and below this range. Heavy rains and melting snow or ice can keep soil cold for extended periods, inhibiting germination and giving hardy weeds a head start. 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