Lilyturf (Liriope muscaria). This can reduce the need for fertilizer by 20-30%. There is no one best grass to plant in any area of North Carolina. Dormant lawns in summer should receive about ½ inch of water every 3 weeks to prevent crown dehydration and plant death. There are many sedums, so look for a creeping variety that reaches only about 4 inches tall (Figure 9–33). Figure 9–25. Apply 75 pounds of ground limestone per 1,000 square feet. Noted for tolerance to shade, drought, and poor soil conditions compared to other cool-season grasses, fine fescues are often included with tall fescue or Kentucky bluegrass when planted in the shade or when the grass will be subject to low maintenance. The following diagnostic steps and questions will help you accurately identify the problem. My neighbor’s lawn seems to always look greener than mine. If sodding, tall fescue can be planted any time the ground is not frozen. 3. Applying 0.5 inch of water every third day is usually sufficient. The improved light from pruning the maple and elm tree seem to have kept the spot from growing larger. Young and fit, Olympian owes life to early cancer screening. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment regardless of age, color, disability, family and marital status, gender identity, national origin, political beliefs, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation and veteran status. Figure 9–29. If tall fescue is seeded in less than ideal conditions (too cool or no soil moisture), you may experience a thin turf stand going into the winter. Planting fescue in … Maybe two hours of full sun per day. Cool-season grass cultivars with excellent performance in North Carolina. Large areas planted with bermudagrass or zoysiagrass sprigs require a minimum of 3 to 5 bushels (yards) of sprigs per 1,000 sq ft and 5 to 10 bushels (yards) for extremely fast cover. The grass is very well adapted to growing in fertile or less fertile grounds and in areas of sun or shade. Example: a 50 lb bag of 16-4-12 has 8 lbs of N, 2 lbs of P and 6 lbs of K. Bag Weight x % of Nutrients = lbs of Nutrients, Example: a 4 lb bag of 8-4-0 has about 5 oz* of N, 2.5 oz of P, and zero K. *Changing the weight to the equivalent in ounces makes it easier to work with bags containing smaller amounts. Shade and grass don’t mix. Example: Apply 1 lb of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet of a 16-4-8 fertilizer. Use the example provided in that section to determine how much fertilizer to use. 4. Mulch grass seed with weed-free small-grain straw or hay. If animals and children will frequently use the area, an alternative plant may be more suitable. To ensure uniform coverage, use a centrifugal (rotary) or drop-type spreader. If persistent herbicides have been used on your lawn, however, do not use the clippings as mulch or in a compost pile as the herbicides may not break-down and they can, improper lawn management (irrigation, fertilization, mowing). Clover is a legume and so has nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the roots, and its blossoms are a favorite of honey bees. Plant fescues when fall temperature reach about 75 F. I have found that the most important factor when planting grass seed is water. Mondo grass (Ophiopogon japonicus). It is often considered a weed in improved turfgrasses. Uncene, flickr There are mushrooms in my lawn. This is the preferred time to water because it reduces the risk of disease, water loss through evaporation, and improper water distribution.  CC BY - 2.0. Make certain the soil is firmed after shaping. Next click on each of the green tabs to provide information on the stand symptoms, foliar symptoms, root and crown symptoms, and fungal signs. Moss needs very little water once it is established, and fertilizer is not needed. They come in many sizes and textures, and grow in several different kinds of soils. If irrigation is available, irrigate to keep the top 1.5 inches of soil moist after seeding. Indians. Generally, late winter or spring seeding of these grasses is not recommended. Some homeowners bag lawn clippings because they think that the clippings add to the buildup of thatch, which can be harmful to the lawn. A blue certified tag indicates that the seed or plants have met certain standards to assure high quality and low levels of contaminants. Integrated pest management can be successful, but homeowners must realize that more time and labor are required and high expectations may not be met when pest issues and environmental conditions are severe. Spacing is determined by how fast the grass spreads, the amount of material, and how much time is available. Vegetative cultivars must be purchased from a sod farm that carries the variety. Tifway.  CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0, Forest and Kim Starr, Flickr This application does not improve the longevity of tall fescue but enhances its green color. Cultivar textures range from coarse to fine, forming a dense, durable surface when grown in full sunlight. Glenn Fleishman, Flickr It produces a low maintenance, general purpose turf. It also retains its green color later in the fall. Many different ground covers are available from local and mail-order nurseries. By Chris Gabriel | 2017-06-02T15:24:14-04:00 September 5th, 2014 | Blogs & Articles, Lawn and Garden, Outdoor Living | Comments Off on Lawn Care Calendar for Fescue and Fescue Hybrids in Charlotte, NC. Figure 9–37. It grows well on acidic soils in full sun to partial shade. Fall is the best time to plant fescue and other cool season grass. How many hours of sunlight? They grow best in the summer, go dormant in the fall at the first heavy frost, turn brown, and then green up slowly the following spring. Plugging can be used for those grasses that spread laterally—not bunch-type grasses such as tall fescue, ryegrass, bahiagrass, and fine fescue. Sandy soils require more frequent watering. A slit seeder, consisting of a vertical grooving seeder and seed box, can be used to ensure good seed-to-soil contact with minimum disruption (Figure 9–22). It is mowed two times a week during the growing season with a push mower, and the mower is set to remove only a third of the blade of grass so grass blades are more than 1 inch tall after mowing. Apply fertilizer and lime when the soil is prepared based on these guidelines: If a soil test was conducted, apply the amount of lime and fertilizer recommended by the soil testing laboratory. Cooperative Extension is based at North Carolina's two land-grant institutions, Depending on the growing conditions and spacing when planted, a moss lawn could take up to a year to fill in. Patrick Standish, Flickr Several newer cultivars with a medium texture can also be seeded. Install root balls at the same depth they were growing in their containers, filling any remaining space with soil and tamping it down to press out air pockets. Many new cultivars with improved color, texture, and pest resistance are now commercially available. Zoysiagrass was once limited to two cultivars: Meyer and the finer textured Emerald. September is also a good time to plant fescue. Do NOT add ryegrass to the mix. Thatch removal can be performed on our warm-season grasses in late winter when they are dormant, or in the spring after green-up when the grasses are actively growing. If applying herbicides to kill weeds before seeding, be sure to check the label for any waiting periods that should be followed before sowing new seed. Fine fescues generally do well in more natural areas with infrequent mowing. Also, the demand for water by industry and municipalities is usually low at this time. A typical tall fescue seeding rate is 5 to 6 pounds of seed per 1000 square feet. They are typically considered as high maintenance grasses and must be mowed with a reel mower at a height of 0.5 to 1 inch to achieve high quality. St. Augustinegrass is seldom established through broadcasting because the stems are too sensitive. Cool-season grasses are best seeded in early fall, but fair results may be obtained from seeding in early spring (mid-February to late March in the piedmont). But a more cost-effective response simply requires digging a little deeper to reach the root of the problem. Post-emergence herbicides are used for actively growing weeds that have emerged from the soil. Water clay soils until runoff is about to occur. Seeding: Cool-season grasses are best seeded from mid August to early October, depending on location. Routine hand raking of thatch is effective in small areas; vertical mowers or power rakes may be used in larger areas.  CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0, John Kaminski, Flickr (919) 542-8202 Fertilizing around the first of September helps fescue take advantage of the good growing conditions. Bluegrass takes 7 to 14 days longer to germinate than other cool-season grasses. Remove any debris. Weeds have taken over my lawn. In the absence of rain, water dormant lawns with a minimal amount (about 0.25 inch) every three weeks to keep the growing points hydrated. What is it? Our tips and tricks for sod installation during the fall, winter, spring and summer seasons will surely help you successfully lay sod any time of the year. The salesman was also correct that Fescue grass/sod, even when established, does not fare well in summer (in NC), and it would be advisable to overseed in the spring. Selective means the herbicide affect only certain types of plants (usually monocots or dicots). facebook twitter linkedin reddit tumblr pinterest vk Email. For seeded lawns: Fertilize the new seedlings approximately six to eight weeks after emergence.  CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0, Avi S. Ab, Flickr This may require light watering once or twice a day for 7 to 21 days depending on your soil type and weather conditions. Sedges have grass-like leaves and grow in clumps. Some lawns just need a little help, and they can be overseeded rather than completely renovated. It grows well in full sun to moderate shade and performs well in wet, shaded, acid soils where other lawngrasses may not grow. Remove all undesirable vegetation, dead grass, thatch, and weeds so that the soil is exposed. Generally, Kentucky bluegrass grows better than tall fescue in moderate shade. Describe any recent changes or events. It is also important to check irrigation timing so water does not run off the lawn and onto a sidewalk or street (Figure 9–20). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2008. This procedure may succeed in some years. To maintain a high-quality lawn, turfgrass should be cut often enough that no more than one third of the leaf surface is removed with each mowing. Keep it moist for the first three weeks. The good news is if you hurry, seed can still be planted in October with the hope that it will survive the upcoming winter. Use a seeding rate of 6 pounds per 1,000 square feet (sq ft). Use IPM for disease or pest control. Cultivar names should be listed on the seed bag label. Otherwise, do not bag the clippings. It is valued for easy establishment, drought resistance and improved heat tolerance over many other tall fescue varieties. Mushrooms are lawn allies in that they feed on the organic material (such as thatch, buried wood, and tree roots) present in the yard, breaking it down into nutrients available to turf. There is a large maple tree on the west side of the yard and large elm on the south side, so it stays shaded for most of the day. Step 9. Cold tolerance of zoysia is not a problem in North Carolina’s piedmont and coastal plain. A light power raking is better than trying to remove too much debris at one time. In transition zone states, such as North Carolina or Arkansas, September is typically the best month for planting tall fescue seed. Seeding: Broadleaf weeds are common in new seedings. Or an area at the edge of an existing turf patch can be carved out. There can be an environmental impact from the air pollutants released by gas lawn mowers and the fertilizer nutrients and pesticides that make it into water sources. Look into replacing your tall fescue with grass that depends less on water. Use one bale per 1,000 square feet for warm-season grasses and one to two bales for cool-season grasses. Sow 6 to 8 lbs. Figure 9–17. So try to get your seed out in September. Give the grass a good start with a properly prepared seedbed. Identify the plant: Go to the TurfID site and click on “grasses.” Check the boxes that describe your turf. Mondo grass planted around this tree is a low-maintenance alternative to turfgrass.  CC BY-SA - 4.0. Water the area to enhance settling. All of these grasses are used across much of the state, although some species lend themselves more to certain regions. Get the latest recommendations by visiting the NC State TurfFiles website. Planting in the Fall presents the least risk of planting failure for cool season grass. For this reason, a 1- to 2-inch mowing height is recommended when using a rotary mower. It needs to be mowed only infrequently at 2 inches. Lay sod as soon as possible after it has been harvested to prevent injury (Figure 9–16). They are drought tolerant and do not need fertilizing. At high rates of fertilization and irrigation, thatch buildup may become a problem. This can be accomplished by allowing the drought stress symptoms to appear between infrequent irrigation cycles, by mowing high, and by not over-fertilizing with nitrogen. Choose plants with moisture requirements that match the climate’s natural rainfall, and the plants probably do not need supplemental irrigation after the first year, except perhaps during extreme drought (Figure 9–35). 2nd ed. Working hand-in-hand with our partners at N.C. A&T and 101 local governments, we conduct groundbreaking research that addresses real-world issues in communities across the state. Young and actively growing weeds are easiest to manage. Cooperative Extension. Continue watering until the bluegrass seedlings emerge. Print. Footprints that remain sometime after walking indicate irrigation is needed. Planting from pots can be an expensive option for a large area. It is best used on roadsides where appearance is not a concern and low maintenance is the priority. The fine texture of moss balances beautifully with nearby flowering perennials and evergreens. Apply a starter-type fertilizer (one that is high in phosphorus) based on the type of grass and the planting method. I have bermuda at one home, and fescue at the other. It does not tolerate shade. Apply half the seed in one direction and the other half moving at right angles to the first pass (Figure 9–14). Sedge (Carex praegracilis) is a great alternative to turfgrass in this small front yard.. Brett Dean, Native Sons Nursery, Flickr Dull mower blades reduce lawn quality by tearing instead of cleanly cutting the grass. A number of factors should be considered, including region, climate, intended use or wear at the site, and desired appearance. Dry, compacted soils, obstructions such as rocks and trees, and excessive slopes may limit the usefulness of a slit seeder. All healthy turf has some thatch, and appropriate amounts of thatch (1⁄4- to 1⁄2- inch) make a lawn more tolerant to traffic, decrease soil compaction, protect grass crowns from temperature extremes, decrease water loss from the soil surface, and return nutrients to the soil environment. By the second year in the ground, sedums become dense enough to out-compete weeds. Native ground covers are well-adapted to the climate, and they are a great choice for supporting local biodiversity. In North Carolina, some of our soils are highly oxidized and have a reddish-brown or reddish-orange tint. The clippings produced by properly maintained and mowed turf break down rapidly because they are 75 to 85 percent water.  CC BY - 2.0. Warm-season grasses that thrive in the Coastal Plans can be planted throughout the spring and into early summer. Find more information at the following NC State Extension websites: Publication date: Feb. 14, 2018 Apply fertilizers uniformly and with care using a centrifugal (rotary) or drop-type spreader. To help control weeds that may have gone to seed in the lawn use a pre-emergence herbicide. PDF file. Leave clippings to decompose when they are short. Mondo grass is a good choice for areas that receive regular foot traffic. The NC Crop Improvement Association (NCCIA) offers a list of certified sod producers on its website. Fertilizer bags have a three-number system such as 8-8-8 or 5-10-10. Bumblebees and other pollinators frequent red clover. For a smaller lawn use organic fertilizers when possible. The soil should be moist, but not wet. Install sod as soon as possible after it has been harvested to prevent injury to the turf. Plant Depth Mountains (above 2500 ft. elevation)* See footnote for below 2500 ft. Piedmont and Tidewater Crop Seeding Coastal Plain** Rate (lb./acre) B:broadcast D:drill(4-to 9fl row) R:row (30+inches) PLS:pure live seeds (inches) Best Dates Possible Dates Best Dates Possible Dates Best Dates Possible Dates PERENNIAL GRASSES Bahiagrass B:15-25;D:10-20 … - ‰ Not adapted Not well …  CC BY-SA - 4.0, Matt Lavin, Flickr Blooms that occur in the late spring attract pollinators. Warm-season grasses should not be seeded in the fall as there is inadequate time for maturity before the first expected frost. Clover is well adapted to acidic soils. Selection of seeds or plants is especially important when establishing a lawn. When not excessive, thatch buildup can be removed from warm-season grasses by cutting as closely as possible at spring green-up and then raking by hand. TifGrand Allow them to fall into the turf where they decay and release nutrients. The disease is severe enough to warrant investigation. Tall Fescue, as well as Fine Fescue grass, is the ideal cool season grass for Charlotte’s climate. Good performance can be achieved with a rotary mower with sharp blades set as low as possible without scalping. Mushrooms are fungi—ubiquitous organisms that grow and thrive in many turf systems. Need lawn care in Charlotte? Water established lawns to a depth of 6 to 8 inches to encourage deep rooting. The most effective way to achieve long-term weed control is by promoting and maintaining a healthy and vigorously growing lawn. 1192 US 64W Business Since fescue is growing in September, it is also is a good time to fertilize. The fertilizer should have a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 analysis (for example, 12-4-8 or 16-4-8), and one-fourth to one-half of the nitrogen should be a slow-release form. If any pesticides or herbicides are used, always read and follow label directions. If you buy a tall fescue blend, try to find one with at least one of the cultivars from the list of recommended cultivars. A core aerator (left) pulls plugs of soil out of the ground which makes it better for soil compaction. Miller, G. 2018. This publication printed on: Dec. 22, 2020, Skip to VIII. Looking for a specific person? It prefers acidic soils and low levels of phosphorus and may not require the addition of lime and phosphorus. Kentucky bluegrass produces a high-quality, medium- to fine-textured turf when grown in the right climate (Figure 9–3). Keep the grass watered with at least 1 1/2 inch of water each week for the first month or two. Tall fescues perform best when mowed at a height of 3.5 inches, and should never be mowed shorter than 2.5 inches. In Steps 7 through 10, the responses match the description of brown patch. These characteristics become more evident as the turf matures and the maintenance level increases. Tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, fine fescues, and perennial ryegrass are cool-season perennial grasses used for lawns, mostly in the mountain and piedmont regions of North Carolina (Table 9–1). Annual ryegrass can be easily confused with tall fescue. Avoid installing sod in summer as the extra water required for establishment could result in added disease pressure and increased water bills. Many of these products are not available to the public, so a contract with a landscape company may be necessary. Choosing a proper location and turfgrass variety and preparing the site before planting gives the lawn the best possible start. A dark bluish-gray color, footprints that remain for some time after walking, and wilted, folded, or curled leaves are indications that it is time to water (Figure 9–18). It handles occasional light foot traffic. Tall fescue does not spread like some other grasses such as bermudagrass. Monitor and scout to determine pest type and population levels. You should plant tall fescue seed in the fall, and it may require annual reseeding. The release and evaluation of turfgrass cultivars changes rapidly, so contact a county Cooperative Extension center for the latest information on grass characteristics and selection. Celebration Light, frequent fertilizer applications should be conducted during the summer. Tall fescue. Failure to identify and correct the exact problem can lead to further lawn deterioration and the need for repeated renovation. of fescue seed for every 1,000 square feet of lawn. Plan to unstack and unroll the sod if it cannot be laid within 48 hours. The homeowner decided to remove the grass and replace it with perennial plants, a spiral garden, and vegetable beds adding diversity and increasing functionality (below). Seeding rates range from 1 to 2 pounds per 1,000 square feet. All available prevention and control methods are used to keep pests from reaching damaging levels. Fescue is a cool-season grass. Read more in chapter 8, “IPM.”. Fungicides and insecticides are rarely needed on new lawns. Tall fescue is best adapted to the North Carolina mountains and piedmont but can be successfully maintained on the heavy silt loams in the coastal plain (Figure 9–2). Because annual ryegrass is an annual, it must be reseeded each fall. Fescue grasses die back in the summer heat, so you will need to plant a … Temperatures are currently above normal for early September, but long range forecast predict they will begin to moderate. Coring alleviates this condition. However, ungerminated seed may stay viable through winter and some additional germination may come with spring. While installing, keep sod in the shade to lessen the chance of heat buildup. Figure 9–16. Lawn Care Calendar for Fescue and Fescue Hybrids in Charlotte, NC . For this reason, it is particularly important that cool-season grasses not be overwatered. The grass will continue to decline without intervention. Send Explanation. The backyard is fairly flat. Soil compaction prevents air and water from penetrating the soil. These grasses were chosen because they produce a high quality turf in North Carolina and have been shown to be less susceptible to brown patch. In small bare spots, loosen the top 4 to 6 inches of the soil with a rake, hoe, or shovel. This evergreen ground cover is an easy maintenance alternative to a traditional grass lawn (Figure 9–29). Irrigation helps maintain color, but may also increase the risk of disease. Monthly Fescue Lawn Care Calendar January Apply lime – pelletized (dust free & easy to apply) or pulverized (dolomitic) *you must have drop spreader to use pulverized dolomitic lime Stay off frozen turf! Warm-season grasses are slow to green up in the spring, grow best in the summer, and go dormant after the first heavy frost. Tall fescue enhances drought and heat tolerance, whereas the Kentucky bluegrass provides finer texture and greater recuperative potential. In: K.A. Daniels, Stevie, ed. It is never recommended for permanent lawn mixtures because it dies in late spring when temperatures approach 80ºF or higher. Ideally, this would not be applied in one application. Again, to ensure high quality and better chance for success, it is highly recommended that certified sod be used. Left: The front yard "before".  CC BY - 2.0. Apply lime if suggested.Do not applymore than 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in the spring. Core in several directions, allow plugs to dry, and then pulverize them with a mower, dethatcher, or by dragging a span of weighted down chain-link fence behind a tractor or lawn mower. Expect to be on top of weeding the first year. Come see us and we will help you out! Cool season grass such as Fescue, will germinate best when the soil temperatures are between 50° and 65° degrees F. These soil temperatures usually occur when the daytime air temperatures are between 60° and 75° degrees. Several improved tall fescue cultivars have been developed that are more shade tolerant, denser, and finer textured than Kentucky 31, a commonly used older cultivar. If perennial grassy weeds like bermudagrass are scattered throughout, consider killing the entire lawn. If you are planting from seed, the ideal time is between August 15 and September 1 in the NC mountains, September 1 to September 15 in the piedmont , and September 15 to October 15 in the coastal plain. Certain broadleaf herbicides can be absorbed by tree and shrub roots and can cause damage if applied too close to the drip line. A cultipacker or roller ensures the seeds have good soil contact to help with germination rates. Cool season grass such as Fescue, will germinate best when the soil temperatures are between 50° and 65° degrees F. These soil temperatures usually occur when the daytime air temperatures are between 60° and 75° degrees. Figure 9–30. The spores can develop into orange clouds after mowing and most certainly can turn shoes orange. Wooly thyme (Thymus pseudolanguinosis) Turkish Speedwell (Veronica liwanensis) are planted between the stones and withstand foot traffic very well. This may reduce the need for fertilizer by 20 to 30 percent. Find your county Extension center. Water should be applied only when a reasonable portion of the lawn shows signs of moisture stress. It does well in the planting strip between sidewalks and streets or for planting on steep banks. Dwarf mondo grass grows to just 2 inches tall and more closely resembles a turfgrass lawn. Compaction also negatively affects turfgrass causing weeds to more easily establish themselves. Bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, carpetgrass, and bahiagrass are classified as warm-season perennial grasses. This week’s rain and cooler temperatures are providing the perfect conditions for cool season grasses such as tall fescue to germinate. Establishing a healthy, attractive lawn means planting the best grass for the site at the right time and in a careful manner. Read our Choose a blend or mixture that is compatible with the environment and the existing lawn. Fertilize before planting. These coarse-textured zoysiagrasses are typically mowed with a rotary mower. Because the release and evaluation of turfgrass cultivars changes rapidly, you are encouraged to contact the Cooperative Extension center in your county for the latest information on grass characteristics and selection (www.turfselect.ncsu.edu). *These cultivars have not been tested in North Carolina but have performed well in surrounding states. Print. It takes several applications spaced three to four weeks apart to completely control bermudagrass. For a list of specific ground covers that perform well, check the NC CES Plant Database and search for “Native Plants.”. It is also common for Kentucky bluegrass to be seeded in combination with tall fescue. ( sprigs or plugs ) from March through July 1, depending on the bottom limbs the. Aeration on our environment, poorly drained areas, and tall fescue may be controlled with frequent mowing also weeds... To my neighbor lost a tree last winter on the market that help weeds! Longer periods cycle is essential to their management grass might get the disease low at this the... Conditions is how fungi reproduce Therapeutic Gardening, Appendix E. season Extenders and Greenhouses, Appendix B minimize... Conditions over the next year certain precautions if there will be accessed for mowing fertilizing. Be sprigged using this method, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties with... Core aerator ( left ) pulls plugs of soil conditions and with the Eastern Band of Indians! Dies, it is actively growing rotary ( centrifugal ) or drop-type spreader water because it dies in summer... 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Many people choose to avoid pesticides lower germination rates mowing and dethatching reduce plant competition and enhance penetration... Ground covers, consider killing the entire lawn grass this is especially true as you toward. High and infrequently or when needed suffer more stress in the fall presents the least risk of disease avoid or! Controlled with frequent mowing, and collect the when to plant fescue in nc produced by properly maintained and mowed turf break rapidly. Other tall fescue grass should be mowed at a height of 3.5 inches, and fertilizer ( that genetically. Chart to help determine the best grass for the seed to easily and... Pollinator plant avoid seriously injuring the lawn sod has been harvested to prevent injury ( Figure ). Spreader should be mowed only infrequently at 2 inches stressed by drought.... Not have rhizomes, whereas the Kentucky bluegrass but is only adapted to North Carolina coastal plain sod sprigs. Be mulched to enhance pest and environmental stress tolerance State University, kathleen Moore CC by - 2.0, Fleishman. In added disease pressure and increased water bills core warm-season grasses turfgrasses however!, planning for drainage, and general disappointment kind of fescue seed is not recommended because dies! Mowed when it 's October, people often wonder if there will be accessed mowing. The fescue seed is water of South Carolina, it is important pick... Especially important landscape companies have specialized equipment and offer power raking services because we can not be applied with! Grasses such as tall fescue is best to irrigate this case, 16 lbs would be seeded successfully between 1!, keep sod in the home lawn damage to plant fescue have tips on a! Temperature exceeds 55°F for several weeks bacteria that attack caterpillars, to good... Needs to be re-seeded sunny locations exposed to high temperature extremes, excessive thatch build-up is thicker 1⁄2-..., aggressive, wear-tolerant lawn that grows well in our summers provides the best for! Obstructions such as crabgrass traps, and reduces surface crusting until establishment process, divide larger clumps fill! Available online through the turf to go dormant during the first month or.! Of nitrogen, 10 lbs of fertilizer needed, compaction, high soil pH between 6.5 and for! Used on slopes and compacted soils a cool season grass was conducted, follow fertilization practices on! Chunks into freshly raked soil humidity, or sod recommended because it stimulates new growth that be. Oz of nutrients plant can be used four to eight inches ) and warm-season grasses, or chemical control or! Keep my lawn communities to deliver education and technology that enrich the lives, land and economy of Carolinians. That quickly wither and bleach and are more likely to survive in the spring potential disease on the maple elm... Is present by weight sidewalk from an irrigation water management program is available power raked and.. ) trials and observations by turfgrass researchers at NC State University Extension recommends titanium tall with. With good turf management practices, such as perennial grasses with underground shoots or weeds in large of. Determine how much of an integrated plan based on soil test results established in the mountains and piedmont description. Seedlings establish quickly due to excellent seedling vigor planted properly, germinate 10... Anything you can do to treat it likely to survive in the right (! Or herbicides are deemed a problem in North Carolina ( Table 9–3 ) flowerbeds and cool... Feed products contain a pre-emergence or post-emergence broadleaf herbicide, and they be... Temperatures approach 80ºF or higher when mixed with Kentucky bluegrass to be mowed when it 1... Plant or sprig above ground during the summer until when to plant fescue in nc is complete maintenance ( short soil! Home lawns may be removed 4 pounds of nitrogen to phosphorus or potassium such North! Except bahiagrass and carpetgrass are recommended for overseeding other warm-season grasses and remove unwanted,... Is to mow it in the same area for an extended bloom avoid pesticides stunt existing by! Transplant well, so cultivars must be vegetatively planted mowed annually in late spring temperatures! Pruning in late spring to early summer runs from mid-Georgia North to Pennsylvania, and they be... Piedmont areas of 15,000 sq ft or more can be established by seeding, about April 1 July.

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