Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen subherb or herbaceous plant growing to 1 m. tall. Genus Species: Catharanthus roseus or Vinca rosea or Vinca roseus Family: Apocynaceae Chuukese name: None English name: Madagascar periwinkle Kosraen name: None Pohnpeian name: None Yapese name: None Growth form: Shrub Growth location: Terrestial Growth environment: Cultivated Garden Family: Apocynaceae Geographical source: ADVERTISEMENTS: It is indigenous to Madagascar. Well adapted … The genus Catharanthus is closely related to the genus Vinca and the species C. roseus was formerly known as Vinca rosea. This is Catharanthus roseus or 'Madagascar periwinkle' of the Apocynaceae family. Vinca roseus tea is effective for relief of rheumatism and arthritis. Pattarachotanant N, Rakkhitawatthana V, Tencomnao T. Effect of Gloriosa superba and Catharanthus roseus extracts on IFN-γ-induced keratin 17 expression in HaCaT human keratinocytes. In addition to its medicinal uses, Catharanthus roseus is a popular ornamental plant. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Periwinkle) belongs to the family apocyanaceae, is a bushy perennial herb and evergreen shrub. Subject. This plant is known by three names such as Myrtle, Vinca, … Message The user has shared this species from … The plant also has along history of use in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, western medical science began researching this plant during the 20th century. Environmental and other impacts. This plant is cultivated as an ornamental plant and found in tropical … Don't confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). One such plant is Catharanthus roseus which is easily available and enjoys a very good reputation in indigenous medicine. This subtropical flowering plant can be grown year round in warm regions. Botanical Name: Cantharanthus roseus; Hindi Name: Sadabahar It is an evergreen subshrub or 'bush', with a small flower of five petals. Catharanthus roseus is easily propagated by apical semi-ripe cuttings in light, free-draining compost. Catharanthus roseus on Forest and Kim Starr’s Starr Environmental site. Catharanthus roseus, the Madagascar periwinkle, rose periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. Catharanthus roseus flower extract has wound-healing activity in Sprague Dawley rats. Other languages: Kanniedood (A) Recommended varieties: C. roseus ‘Albus’ bears white flowers. The flowers are pollinated by Butterflies. A white C. roseus flower. The plant is self-fertile. This simple-looking plant boasts significant medicinal properties. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. broad glossy green hairless with a pale midrib and a short petiole about 1- 1.8 cm. Border plant, edging plant, in containers, hanging baskets, ground cover, around pools, courtyards and under canopied trees. 3.1.1 Creation of the genus Catharanthus. Catharanthus roseus one of the most medicinally valuable plant species of Apocynaceae family, which is used in traditional herbal medicine in the world, and the chemical extraction has a role in cancer treatment. It produces attractive bushy foliage that is covered by an often profuse bloom of phlox-like flowers from summer to frost. Catharanthus roseus is a tropical hardy plant grown as a pot ornamental plant for its rosy or white flowers. Catharanthus roseus on CalPhotos. The best results are obtained when bottom heat and high humidity are provided. Biological source: ADVERTISEMENTS: It is dried whole plant of Catharanthus roseus. Tsitsirika, Catharanthus roseus, pink periwinkle: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by DrGodofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies Catharanthus roseus on ARKive: Images of Life on Earth. Economic and other uses. long and they are arranged in the opposite pairs. It is small in size perennial herbaceous evergreen plant that was native to the Madagascar island. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca, is an erect to spreading tender perennial in the dogbane family typically mounding 6-18” (less frequently to 24”) tall and as wide. Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen subshrub or herbaceous plant that grows up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall. 0. Muriel Le Roux, Françoise Guéritte, in Navelbine® and Taxotere®, 2017. Overview Information Periwinkle is an herb. long and 1- 3.5 cm. It belongs to the Apocynaceae family of flowering plants and is native of South-eastern and eastern Madagascar found growing as wild plant species in rain forest. BMC Complement Altern Med. LOCATION: Full sun light partial shade. Interesting info: Usually grown as an annual. It is a shrub that grows to a height of 1-3 feet having smooth, glossy, dark green leaves, and flowers throughout the year. Landscaping Uses Used widely in containers, hanging baskets and pots, Catharanthus roseus or Vinca are also suited for mass planting. The genus Catharanthus comprises 8 species, all originating from Madagascar except for the species Catharanthus pusillus, which is restricted to India and Sri Lanka (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as bright eyes, Cape periwinkle, graveyard plant, Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, pink periwinkle, rose periwinkle, [2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae.It is native and endemic to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, … The leaves are oval to oblong, up to 3.6 inches (9 cm) long and up to 2 inches (3.5 cm) wide, glossy green, hairless, with a pale midrib and a short petiole up to 0.7 inches (1.8 cm) long. Share. Side Effects of Catharanthus roseus According to Zaini and Halimoon (2013), Catharanthus roseus is regarded as a poisonous plant because of the presence of danvinrosidin, catharanthine, vindolinine, leurosine, akuammine, norharman, lochnerine, vinleurosin, tetrahydroalstonine, vindoline … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. It is widely used in temperate zones as an annual bedding plant and continues blooming throughout the season. Catharanthus roseus, commonly called periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle or annual vinca is a common ornamental plant grown in the gardens of residential and official compounds. Propagation can also be carried out by seed, which should be maintained at 22-25ºC … Catharanthus roseus. Catharanthus roseus on floridata.com. Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as bright eyes, Cape periwinkle, graveyard plant, Madagascar periwinkle, old maid, pink periwinkle, rose periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae.It is native and endemic to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used to treat cancer. Location Collected: Lehdau, Nett Collected by: Rosalynda Nakasone . The leaves are oval to oblong, 2.5- 9.0 cm. Botanical Name : Catharanthus roseus (L) G.Don. Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar Periwinkle) is a species of Catharanthus native and endemic to Madagascar. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It has attracted increasing attention due to it being shown to possess a range of phytochemicals with various biological activities such as antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic and anticancer properties. Two compounds, vinblastine (Velban) and vincristine (Oncovin) are currently used in the clinic as anti-cancer agents. If you want to move it to the top of the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group.. This subtropical flowering plant can be grown year round in warm regions. Catharanthus roseus (C. roseus) is an important medicinal plant distributed in many countries. Catharanthus roseus had been used for many years as a folk medicine, but was recognized by western physicians in the 1950s to produce compounds with anti-cancer activity. To. 24. An extensive body of literature exists on the clinical uses of the various purified alkaloids of Catharanthus. Catharanthus roseus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in) by 0.7 m (2ft 4in) at a fast rate. Drug Uses. Catharanthus roseus at the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. It is botanically named as Catharanthus roseus and belongs to the Apocynaceae family. Wang XD, Li CY, Jiang MM, et al. Catharanthus roseus is most commonly associated with coastal habitats (e.g. It is widely used in temperate zones as an annual bedding plant and continues blooming throughout the season. Catharanthus roseus – White flowering Vinca. Remarkably, vinblastine and vincristine isolated from this plant were the … The botanical nomenclature C. roseus, determined by the Scottish botanist George Don, has been the subject of numerous questions and polemic debates about its denomination. The plant alkaloids are hypotensive, sedative, anti-cancerous, relieves the muscular system and possess other health benefits. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Accepted Name Madagascar Periwinkle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Apocynaceae > Catharanthus > Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. Catharanthus roseus is a perennial small herb or sub-shrub, up to 90 cm in height. In addition to its medicinal uses, Catharanthus roseus is a popular ornamental plant. Stem is erect, lax branching with flexible long branches, purple or light green. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don a is known as the Madagascan periwinkle or the tropical periwinkle. One of the very popular perennials are Catharanthus roseus, also known as Vinca and commonly called Perriwinkles. SIZE: Grows 30 – 60cm tall with an equal spread. 2006;6:41.17184528. ADVERTISEMENTS: Synonyms and Regional name: Vinca rosea, Lochnera rosea, Sadaphuli, Rattanjot Billaganneru; Hindi- Sadabahar; Beng.-Nayantara. Catharanthus roseus – Vinca. Uses: Medicinal – Research is being conducted into the use of the root to treat leukaemia. The most well known of the "vinca" alkaloids derived from C. roseus are vinblastine (vincaleukoblastine, Velban) and vincristine (leurocristine, Oncovin), which are now widely used pharmaceutical anticancer agents. Synonyms : Vinca rosea L. Common Name : Baramasi, Sadaphuli, Periwinkle Plant Family : Apocynaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Ayurvedic Udyan, Sarita Udyan, Van Chetana Kendra, Infocity, Aranya Van About Catharanthus roseus Plant : Induction of apoptosis in human leukemia cells through an intrinsic pathway by cathachunine, a unique alkaloid isolated from Catharanthus roseus. Synonyms include Vinca rosea (the basionym), Ammocallis rosea, and Lochnera rosea; other English names occasionally used include Cape Periwinkle, Rose … USES: Strong and continual flowering. Catharanthus roseus has anti-cancer effects and is traditionally used to treat diabetes, It is a popular ornamental plant in East Africa. Catharanthus roseus is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. 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