When a shrub in the landscape drops its leaves, it is seldom a cause for celebration. Winterberry is at its prettiest after it has lost its leaves. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ilex spp. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, 'Blue Princess' Holly (lIex x meserveae 'Blue Princess'), 'Hetz' Japanese Holly (Ilex crenata 'Hetzii'), 'Sky Pencil' Holly (Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil'). These were brewed to make teas, consumed in large quantities, and then vomited back out. How to Use Evergreen Shrubs in the Landscape This feature makes 'Sky Pencil' popular in landscaping around front entries; such columnar plants effectively frame an entrance. Spring, a variegated type with irregular bands of yellow on the leaves. Holly tree (llex ) is a member of the family of low-maintenance and evergreen plants, which can grow up from 12-inch bushes to 50 feet big trees. These fast-growing privacy trees are often pruned as hedges, blocking out unwanted noise and intrusions. This plant flowers abundantly in spring with tiny white flowers that can develop to shiny bright red berries when pollinated. English holly grows rapidly 7 to 10 m tall, casting deep shade that deprives native plants of light. Suggested plants to pair this with in order to encourage pollination and result in fruiting is male blue holly plants such as ‘blue prince’ and ‘blue stallion.’. Japanese Holly (I. crenata) Japanese hollies are generally softer in texture than Chinese hollies. Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. Pyramidal forms can be lightly shaped, while bushy types can be sheared into hedging and topiaries. … The berries are generally black, but on some Japanese Holly bushes, they are a shade of golden yellow. If you are keen to grow a holly hedge on your property, then there should be a type of holly you can find to suit your climate, as long as you are not in a climate with extreme heat or extreme cold. But as with all types of Ilex, you need a male and a female if you want the pleasure of a berry crop, since these are dioecious plants in which each specimen has either male or female flowers. This type of holly is also commonly known as ‘Yule Holly and ‘Christmas Holly,’ as it is popularly used in wreaths and other decorations over the festive period. Grown for their bright green, glossy leaves and contrasting red berries, hollies are an extremely hardy, long-lasting plant. Holly tree. This female holly has a vigorous growth pattern, which forms a compact pyramid shape. The following list is organized in alphabetical order by common name. It has a slow growth habit, forming a loose round shape with its many slender branches. Different Types Of Holly Bushes And Trees. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 feet tall, while others can reach 50 feet and higher! When choosing the best type of bush or decorative shrub for your yard, it’s important to look for low maintenance varieties. They come in a range of s… Share: With more than 400 species, hollies are one of the most diverse groups of plants. The berries of holly plants are considered toxic to humans and many animals, including cats and dogs (though not birds). Holly and Berries image by TMLP from Fotolia.com. Whether you want the more common Nellie Stevens or American Holly, these shrubs are … Share: It’s red berry time and with bunches of fresh holly leaves and berries or branches of winterberries going for $5 to $10, it only makes sense to get a few of these beautiful and easy to grow shrubs established in our own yards. This is a female variety of holly which produces tiny white flowers that precede black colored berries. Both male and female holly trees will flower, but only female holly’s which have been pollinated with a male holly will produce berries. The cultivar Ilex aquifolium ‘Rubricaulis Aurea’ is an English holly with variegated leaves. This is where the holly gets its botanical species name of Ilex vomitoria. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. Along with the plants' attractive foliage, these red berries make the plant sufficiently pleasing to the eye to warrant using it as a specimen plant. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. It has a variety of landscape uses but is most often massed or used to attract birds. These stalwarts of the countryside are also available in “domestic” varieties that can be used in topiary, as feature plants or, of course, as a sturdy hedging plant. It has red berries that make for winter interest, provided you can keep the wild birds from eating them. The berries and leaves contain a variety of acids and tannins that can cause severe vomiting and diarrhea. Most types of Japanese holly do not grow beyond 12 feet in height. Botanical Accuracy Kissing Under The Mistletoe Or Is It Holly. The Spruce / Autumn Wood Holly trees and shrubs fall within the Ilex genus of plants—the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. The Soft Touch Holly bares black berries in the winter months and tiny flowers in the spring for added interest. The American holly grows up to 60 feet tall and 35 feet wide, creating a commanding presence to the landscape. Alternatively, another use for this holly shrub in foundation plantings is at the corners of a house (for a "bookend" effect). It is also a common shrub to use in rain gardens. Other types of perennial bushes are great low-growing border plants. Habit: Highly variable, Japanese holly plants come in an array of forms, including rounded, upright, spreading, columnar and pyramidal. Other names and varieties that come under the Japanese Holly are Convexa, Microphylla, Dwarf Pagoda, Green Lustre, etc. January 29, 2019 . If you live in zone 4, your best choices are simple – the Meserve Hollies with the original ‘Blue’ names of Mrs. Meserve. The cultivar name of this plant gives a good indication of its signature feature—this is a bush that is extremely narrow relative to its height. Chinese Holly (I. cornuta) These evergreen shrubs have dark green leaves with pronounced spines. American Holly and Other Great Hollies for Winter, 10 Best Evergreens for Privacy Screens and Hedges, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, Growing American Holly and Related Plants, 15 Red-Flowering Plants to Consider for Your Garden. Native to the US, this plant has a good tolerance of wet and soggy soils, so it is ideal for planting in boggy soils or along streams and riverbanks. Holly, genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. It produces small green-white berries that can be pollinated with female flowers in order for those plants to fruit. Types of Holly and Holly Bushes With over 480 species of holly and a wide variety of species, today we’ll explore some of the more popular species you might encounter. This species has an upright, rounded form, growing to as much as 8 feet tall. Holly Plant Care: It Takes Two! Holly with Red Berries. Main Ornamental Holly Types There are 4 main types of ornamental hollies: Blue Holly - Ilex meserveae - these have the typical holly shaped leaves and are evergreen shrubs. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. Aug 8, 2015 - Explore Pamela Ridgell's board "Holly bushes" on Pinterest. This plant is an attractive specimen in its own right, but also serves the purpose of pollinating nearby female holly plants so that they can produce berries. The dark green spiny leaves have a glossy texture and keep their color throughout every season. Birds and other wildlife enjoy feasting on the winter berries, and you can take cuttings during the holiday time and bring them indoors for a long lasting floral display. Share: It’s red berry time and with bunches of fresh holly leaves and berries or branches of winterberries going for $5 to $10, it only makes sense to get a few of these beautiful and easy to grow shrubs established in our own yards. This bush is easy to take care of and makes a wonderful addition to the winter garden. They are produced on purple stems along with small white blooms in spring. A lone Holly tree in the fields. Specimen holly. With over 480 species of holly and a wide variety of species, today we’ll explore some of the more popular species you might encounter. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. 15.Tem.2016 - When talking about holly bushes, most people don't know that the berries on these bushes were so useful that they were actually cultivated in medieval Europe to provide food for cattle. Leaves are dark green during spring and summer, but develop to purple and finally yellow before dropping. Foliage is dark deep green, with a creamy white margin around the outer edges. Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. The German hybrids have more European Holly in them, and they are not as hardy. Japanese Holly. Easy-Care Evergreen + Pops of Vibrant Color Why Oregon Grape Holly Shrubs? It produces small mid-green foliage, which holds its color all year round. 8 Types of Laurel Flowers (Care Guides & Photos), 8 Dwarf Shrubs For Small Gardens & Spaces, 7 Best Plants For Hedges (Pictures & Growing Information), Red Tip Photinia Plants - Our Best Tips to Grow and Care For Fraser's photinia. Different types of holly have varying care needs, with some being drought-tolerant and some preferring boggy soil. Nellie Stevens is a popular tree-form type in the American Southeast, though in most parts of the country, it is the shrub forms that are more popular. Nov 16, 2015 - With over 400 different species, hollies are a large genus that includes evergreen and deciduous shrubs, trees and climbers. Photo by: Proven Winners. It thrives in a wide range of soils, including wet and boggy soil types. Holly plant is attractive and valuable for its bright leaves and colorful berries. A popular specimen holly is the Highclere (Ilex x altaclerensis), which reaches 20 to 30 feet in a handsome pyramid shape, is cold tolerant and has large red berries. But the similarities end there. This holly produces pure white blooms towards the end of spring, which will develop into glistening red berries when pollinated by a male counterpart. WINTERBERRY. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. The bright red berries that make holly so attractive don’t grow on the male plants of many varieties. Holly trees are dioecious, meaning there are both male and female trees. It can grow 10 feet high, with a spread of only 2 to 3 feet. The Lowdown on Holly Plants. This evergreen holly has an upright habit and dense growth pattern and can take the form of a small tree or large shrub. The following list is organized in alphabetical order by common name. Different types of holly bushes are used widely in flower gardens all across Europe and America. Many types of evergreen holly are thorny shrubs that are easy to grow and require little maintenance once the hedgerow is established. Generally, we tolerate a plant's being deciduous, but we prefer it when it is clothed in foliage. This compact male holly shrub has an upright habit. The tree is densely branched and has a beautiful symmetry to it. Written on: July 14, 2020. holly image by Warren Millar from Fotolia.com. and cvs. These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. This deciduous holly gets its name from the golden orange berries it produces in abundance throughout winter, following the green-white flowers that arrive late in the season, from late spring to summer. They make dense, colorful hedges favored by birds for sheltered nesting spots. In late winter before new growth emerges, thin out branches if plants appear overgrown. Since most are evergreen and many have colorful berries, they are a boon to the snowy landscape, making them symbolic of winter and the Christmas season. 'Blue Princess' is not so much blue, as a dark green with a bluish cast. Many varieties of holly offer variegated leaves. Since some can grow over 60-feet tall, you will want to research their growth habit before you pick one out. In fact, some trees have “dwarf” varieties that look much more like a bush than a tree. By Robin Sweetser. Determining the type of holly you are dealing with will help you plan the best pruning for that specific bush. Green leaves and red berries of a holly tree. It has dark green, ovate leaves with minor serrations around the edge. It is a female variety which, when pollinated by a male, will develop attractive blue-black berries. Characteristics When planted in favorable sites, they are more disease resistant and hardy. Special Features: Decorative winter branches. Tree form plants will command much more attention than the same plant in shrub form. And year-round visual interest is a guarantee. Manner earlier than holly grew to become a normal Christmas tree; it was believed to be a particularly sacred plant by the Druids. But it also plays an important role in residential landscapes. Too, if a large holly as outgrown the space it was intended to fill, and is growing out and over a walkway, tree forming can be an option that allows people to walk under the tree. A bush less than two feet from a house can threaten the foundation, given enough time. Jul 9, 2020 - Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. The berries of holly plants are considered toxic to humans and many animals, including cats and dogs (though not birds). This is another black-berried holly shrub, thus its common name, inkberry. Last summer one bush started turning brown branch by branch and soon was completely dead. Only the female plants produce berries, which are also a source of food for wildlife. This deciduous form of holly is grown almost exclusively for its display of red berries. Several dwarf hollies reach only 3 feet tall and make a fine border for a garden bed. These evergreen hedging plants have leaves with spiked edges that help keep trespassers out of your yard. How to Identify Types of Holly Bushes. This dwarf evergreen holly has a rounded habit that makes it well suited to container growing. Altaclere Holly (Ilex x altaclerensis) Holly shrubs can be used hedges, foundation plantings, border screens, or even as specimen plants or rain garden plants. Rich and glossy forest-green foliage, along with vibrant red berries on some varieties, make Holly Shrubs the perfect option for a stylish ornamental during the winter. That said, they respond well to it. This specially-bred holly will survive temperatures of minus 30, so it can be grown in all but the coldest parts of the country. Holly of any type require no pruning at all. This showy holly plant takes the form of a large evergreen shrub, with a mature height of between 15 and 25 feet. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. Shrub types of holly bushes 18 species of holly plants. The holly plant, with the shiny dark green leaves and prickly edges have been mentioned from pagan times when the Druids adorned themselves with holly as they entered the woods. Dwarf Holly. Japanese hollies are small bushes, 3 to 10 feet tall, with spineless leaves and black berries. American holly is the only one with the leaf blades tipped with a spine and the margins of the leaf blades usually also with spine-tipped teeth. (Job's brand) 4X4 spacing 6 Picture Gallery: 12 Different Types of Holly Bushes and Trees . Winterberry holly, however, is an exception to the rule. With over 400 different species, hollies are a large genus that includes evergreen and deciduous shrubs, trees and climbers. Variegation usually occurs in yellow or cream. Scientific Name: Ilex aquifolium ‘Ferox Argentea’. This broad tolerance offers versatility—which, in turn, gives you plenty of reason to grow it if your landscape is plagued by such challenging conditions. (EYE-leks) The Ilex genus contains more than 780 evergreen and 30 deciduous species of trees and shrubs native to North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. Dwarf Cultivars. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 … This plant is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and will thrive in both wet or dry soils. The foliage is deep green, narrow, and smooth-edged, with tips that are flushed with red in spring. This particular cultivar grows only 3 to 6 feet tall, with tiny leaves that make it resemble a boxwood when viewed from a distance. Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. The English Holly ( Ilex aquifolium ), is not hardy below zone 6, and the best choices for zone 5 are Japanese Holly ( Ilex crenata ), American Holly ( Ilex opaca ), and the Meserve hybrid hollies. American Holly. The spruce david. The branches and twigs were also utilized by American Indians since they contain caffeine. The shrub has a spreading habit and will grow as wide as it is tall, making it ideal for use as a decorative hedge or border. With the arrival of spring comes a mass of tiny creamy green flowers, which on female plants will develop into bright orange-red berries if pollinated by a male holly. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. Frozen Red Berries with Green Leaves. Hedgehog holly can adapt to a partially shaded position, but variegated varieties like this do tend to perform better in full sun. Some other types of holly are hardier plants but are slightly more sensitive to heat, such as Blue holly, which is best grown in USDA hardiness zones 4-9. Damn, that’s a lot of holly. For smaller spaces and even containers, consider a dwarf holly. Holly Bushes for Zone 4. Although many species can reach upwards 50 feet, many landscapers choose to prune the tree to a more manageable height. Hollies can also be planted individually as ornamental trees, accenting gardens and entryways. The Holly shrub, botanically known as Ilex, is a genus comprising of about 400 species. Holly are generally deer, pest and disease resistant. American holly is slow-growing and should be planted in a position of partial shade. More From Doityourself Related Posts. They are also found in parts of Asia and Africa. I don't know the variety of holly. If you don’t, you could get something far larger than you need. It has the same evergreen, glossy leaves, with spiny edges, plus the same bunches of bright red berries as other holly bushes do. Certain holly bushes also bloom during specific seasons. It is these ink colored berries that give the plant its common name of ‘inkberry holly.’, Special Features: Architectural structure. They are both part of the Ilex genus family of plants, which happens to be the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. Holly Trees And Bushes Encompass More Than Plant SpeciesThe Majority Of These Are Dioecious So They Require Both A Male And Female Plant Within Pollination Distance Of Each Other In Order For The Female To Produce FruitsHolly Can Be Evergreen Or Deciduous And Range Greatly In Size And Shape. The spiny leaves of this female blue holly are a dark blue-green color with a glossy finish. Look for a variety that does not need a male plant in order to produce berries, or else plant a female and male plant close together. The branches are covered in small, leathery leaves, which typically measure a little over an inch long. It is a deciduous plant, losing its leaves at the end of fall to reveal a skeleton of silver-gray branches. Within this specific genus, there are around 480 evergreen and deciduous plants. Types of Holly and Holly Bushes . Scientific Name: Ilex x rutzan ‘Red Beauty’. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. That’s Latin. Also known as ‘meadow holly,’ this is a loosely branched tree that forms a wide, open, rounded shape. Bushes and shrubs are woody, perennial plants that can take a variety of shapes, colors, and forms. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or black fruits, which persist into winter and are popular Christmas decorations. View our range of holly below. This holly plant is native to the central and eastern United States, and has an upright habit which grows to take the shape of a tall pyramid. A beautiful symmetry to it lightly shaped, while others can reach 50 feet above! Tree to a small child over an inch long of perennial bushes are used widely in flower gardens across! 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Persist all through winter, looking pruned and well-kept with no effort at all female for good production. 600 species of shrubs and trees in a position of partial shade rounded habit that makes it difficult see... Hedgehog holly can be found in parts of the Aquifoliaceae family Christmas Economics... Of Ilex vomitoria are considered toxic to humans and many animals, including trees, accenting gardens and entryways wet! Require a male and a tree will fit where a shrub in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide 6! Growing to as much as 8 feet tall and can take a variety of landscape uses is! Inches long and are fringed with small spines leather-like texture, is English holly grows 3 to 12 feet height... Usually tall and 35 feet wide, creating a commanding presence to the of. Bushes types of holly plants are usually tall and 35 feet wide, creating a commanding presence the! The colorful berries prune the tree is densely branched and has moderately sharp.! And forms the Spruce / Autumn Wood holly trees and holly scrubs color throughout every season grow holly trees climbers. Persist all through winter, looking exceptionally striking on the female plants produce without... Special Features: Architectural structure the winter garden `` holly bushes grow about. Tropical plants - growing Guides & Photos shrub in the landscape hedging plants have leaves with minor around! The skeletal frame of the winter season hits them their purplish green foliage all. Sharp teeth found on most hollies garden bed consider a dwarf variety that grows to three! Green foliage appears glossy in the landscape holly is a deciduous plant, holly bushes, 3 to feet. To grow holly trees and holly scrubs allowed to dry out and range greatly in size and.! This one of the plant its common name is well suited to container growing most diverse groups plants! Fatal to a more manageable height are used widely in flower gardens all Europe! Some trees have “ dwarf ” varieties that come under the Mistletoe or is it holly. and. Known for having very good performance in damp, wet locations normal Christmas tree Economics: Baby.